Religion -and-Spirituality

Eid-al-Fitr: Feasting day after fasting from dawn to dusk in Ramadan

By Oluwaseun Sonde

As Muslims all over the world celebrate Eid-al-Fitr today, which marks the end of Ramadan, the Muslim holy month of fasting, and it is celebrated during the first three days of Shawwal, the 10th month of the Islamic calendar (though the Muslim use of a lunar calendar means that it may fall in any season of the year).

History has it that Eid Al Fitr was started by Islamic Prophet Muhammad. It is believed that Prophet Muhammad got the first revelation of the Holy Quran during the month of Ramadan. According to certain traditions, these festivals were initiated in Medina after the migration of Muhammad to Mecca. Anas, a well-known companion of the Prophet, narrated that, when the Prophet arrived in Medina , he found people celebrating two specific days in which they entertained themselves with recreation and merriment. At this, the Prophet remarked that Almighty has fixed two days of festivity instead of these for you which are better than these: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. Eid Al Fitr then marked the end of fasting from dawn to dusk during Ramadan and the beginning of the Shawwal month.

General Rituals: Traditionally, Eid al-Fitr begins at sunset on the night of the first sighting of the crescent moon. If the moon is not observed immediately after the 29th day of the previous lunar month (either because clouds block its view or because the western sky is still too bright when the moon sets), then the holiday is celebrated the following day. Eid al-Fitr is celebrated for one to three days, depending on the country. It is forbidden to fast on the Day of Eid, and a specific prayer is nominated for this day. As an obligatory act of charity, money is paid to the poor and the needy (Arabic: Zakat-ul-fitr ) before performing the ‘Eid prayer.

Important: Showing gratitude towards God for being a constant guide in the fasting month of Ramadan, Going to the Mosque and praying at least five times a day and asking God for forgiveness and To carry out the act of charity towards the poor and needy and it is called “Zakat-Al-Fitr”. Apart from that, this month and Eid celebration also signifies the achievement of communication with the celestial spirit and religious merits, characterized by sacrifice, self-discipline, and charity. With fasting, prayers, and charity, one becomes a modest person and attains self-control.

Conclusion: This Eid is primarily a feasting day after the strenuous 30 days of fasting in Ramadan which is the 9th month of the Islamic Calendar. This fasting means one has to desist from food, beverages, and sexual relations primarily. This practice of giving up basic and carnal needs and desires actually makes a person stronger by cultivating the qualities of self-control, self-righteousness, and self-discipline.

This is the month of true devotion and people learn how to be happy with the minimal things. One is also abstained from using slang language or cuss words. No modes of entertainment like music, TV, movies, dancing, or singing is allowed because these things would distract one from the thought of the Almighty.

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