The South African President,Cyril Ramaphosa, announced last week that some districts will be moving to stage “3 of lockdown by the end of May. However, regions in the country that are COVID-19 hotspots will remain in stage 4.
The calculation and determination of COVID-19 hotspots according to health minister Zweli Mkhize was processed by analyzing the number of active cases from the 2nd to the 8th of May 2020 per district. The number of active cases is then used to find the mean/Average by 100 000 people per district population.
The average per district is then compared to other districts and placed under a colour coded category as follows: 0< 0.5 green colour code low risk 0.5- 1 light green colour code moderately low risk 1- 5 yellow colour code risky 5-10 Orange colour code high risk 10> Red colour code extremely high risk.
The department of health stated that after careful analysis and evaluation of the data it is now evident that seven districts are likely to remain in stage 4 of lockdown. The seven COVID- 19 hotsposts namely in South Africa are: Ekhuruleni metro in Gauteng,eThekweni metro & iLembe district in Kwa-Zulu-Natal, Buffalo City and Nelson Mandela Bay Metros in Eastern Cape and lastly Cape Town City metro & Cape Winelands district in the Western Cape.
The demographic shows that the Western Cape districts have the highest number of COVID-19 infections with an average of 50 active cases per 100 000 people. The Western Cape is closely followed by eThekweni districts in Kwa-Zulu-Natal and then Gauteng in third place with the highest rankings of Postive cases.
Health Minister Zweli Mkhize also announced that South Africa is attempting to do what has not been done by any country. The act of lifting lockdown restrictions while the number of positive COVID-19 cases are still rising thus the Presidency is still in extensive consultations with Provincial Stakeholders in preparation to move some districts into stage 3 by the end of May 2020.